Product Lifecycle Management Information
Product Life Cycle Management
an informational guide to understanding PLM

Product Life Cycle Management

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Standards, Requirements & Initiatives

Product Lifecycle Management solutions support a wide range of critical standards, requirements and initiatives. By providing a secure repository, tracking and audit trails, change and document management controls, workflow and communications, security and a wide range of other functionality, PLM helps businesses achieve and maintain their strategic initiatives and compliance requirements on a global scale.

The following are some of the initiatives PLM supports:

APQP
Advanced Product Quality Planning is a framework of procedures and techniques used to develop products in industry, particularly the automotive industry.

CAPA
The Certified Automotive Parts Association (CAPA) is a non-profit organization that creates quality standards for automotive parts. Their standards are currently applied to parts made from three materials: metal, plastic, and lighting. The organization is based in Washington D.C. and was founded in 1987.

CMII
Configuration Management II (CMII) is a management approach that starts the process with the project's requirements and ensures that the product or service developed follows from the demands and requirements of the customers. CMII is authorized and developed by The Institute of Configuration Management.

CMMI
Capability Maturity Model Integration is an approach to process improvement in software engineering and organizational development.

Design For Six Sigma (DFSS)
Design for Six Sigma (DFSS) is the application of Six Sigma principles to the design of products and their manufacturing and support processes. DFSS incorporates advanced Voice of the Customer and systems engineering techniques to anticipate and avoid process problems.

Design For X (DFX)
Encompasses a wide collection of specific design guidelines, each addressing a particular issue that is caused by, or affects the characteristics of a product.

Food and Drug Administration
The U.S. FDA requirements are designed to protect the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products, medical devices, our nation's food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, and products that give off radiation.

FMEA
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis is a procedure for analysis of any errors or defects in a process, design, or item.

ISO
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international organization, based in Geneva, Switzerland, that unifies proprietary industrial and commercial standards.

Lean, Lean Manufacturing or Lean Production
Lean is a production practice based on the Toyota Product System that focuses on the creation of value for the end customer and the elimination of to be waste.

NPDI
New Product Development and Introduction (NPDI) is the process of bringing a new product or service to market. NPDI is typically the first phase in the PLM process.

PDM
Product Data Management (PDM) is the practice of using software and/or other tools to organize, track, and control data related to a product. PDM is the predecessor to PLM.

Project Management Institute (PMI)
PMIis a professional membership organization that provides training, education, products and other services to project managers. Products and services range from world-class standards for project, program and portfolio management to five professional credentials, including the gold standard Project Management Professional (PMP).

Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Registration of Chemicals (REACH)
is a chemical safety standard that requires manufacturers and importers in the EU to ensure chemicals used in excess of one ton annually are registered with the central chemical agency. Registration includes data such as chemical types and uses, volumes per annum and test data results.

RoHS
Restriction of Hazardous Substances directive - a European Union directive that restricts the use of six hazardous substances: Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Cadmium (Cd), Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), and Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE), in the manufacture of certain kinds of electronic and electrical equipment. The RoHS came into effect on July 1st 2006.

Standard for the Exchange of Product (STEP)
Model Data is a comprehensive ISO standard (ISO 10303) that describes how to represent and exchange digital product information.